Beyond the statisticians who show to the increase of children frequenting the Brazilian schools since the Infantile Education and Basic Education, they are promoted, in this last one, others despite they intend to demonstrate to the degrees of proficiencies and the learning of our children, as the external evaluations that consist of varied testagens of abilities of writing, reading with understanding, localization of information and inference involving you discipline them of Portuguese and Mathematics. For even more analysis, hear from john marlow sf. An example of external evaluation is the Brazil Test, applied for the MEC? Ministry of the Education and Culture, referring to the Plan of Development of Educao (PDE) for the calculation of the Index of Development of Educao Bsica (IDEB) that it is a tool for accompaniment of the goals of quality for the basic education. Objectives of the application of the Test Brazil in accordance with MEC – PDE: To offer subsidies to the formularization, reformularization and monitoramento of public politics and programs of intervention adjusted to the necessities diagnosised in the areas and evaluated stages of education; To identify to the problems and the regional differences of education; To produce information on the factors of socioeconmico, cultural and pertaining to school the context that influence the performance of the pupils; To provide to the educational agents and the society a clear vision of the results of the processes of education and learning and of the conditions where they are developed; To develop ability scientific technique and in the area of educational evaluation, activating the interchange between educational institutions of education and research. With the application of this evaluation the MEC has still intention to follow the evolution of the quality of the Brazilian education stimulating action for the improvement of the same one, reduction of the existing inaqualities in our ample territory and solutions of the problems and deficiencies demonstrated for the statisticians, through the public politics related to this area and of a pedagogical work condizente with what if objective reaching.