To your heart is not threatened by the risk of myocardial infarction, need to keep under control the following parameters: count the number of calories consumed. Ideally, people should consume daily exactly as many calories as his body burns. Excess chocolate to tea, snack crackers or potato chips – all this leads to excess weight, which is one of the main enemies of our hearts. Determine effluent calories is easy: by multiplying weight (in kilograms) by the number of 28 to 33 (depending on the level of physical activity). Rate for women – 2000kkal a day for men – about 2,500 calories. The least caloric food – fruits and vegetables. Make them the foundation their diet.
Ratio of waist circumference to hip circumference. If this ratio is greater than 0.90 in men and 0.85 in women, we are talking about so-called abdominal obesity. Abdominal fat, laying around (and sometimes inside) the internal bodies, continuously allocates the blood fatty acids and other substances, the excess of which causes atherosclerosis, chronic inflammation and metabolic disorders. Cholesterol. The "bad cholesterol – it lipoproteins low density (LDL). "Good" – high-density lipoprotein (HDL).
The results of analysis on blood cholesterol can be separately specified level of each of these groups, as well as the ratio of total: OX below 5.2 mmol / l (200 mg%) or below 5 mmol / l (190 mg%) in coronary artery disease or diabetes, LDL cholesterol below 3.5 mmol / g (135 mg%) or below 2 mmol / l (77 mg%) in coronary artery cholesterol to HDL. The following are considered safe indicators of disease; HDL – at least 1.3 mmol / l (50 mg%). Before as blood tests, can not eat for 8-12 hours blood pressure. If the pressure is consistently high, you have hypertension, and, consequently, the risk of atherosclerosis, ischemic heart disease and stroke. High pressure is not lower than 140/90 mm Hg. Art. If it is in the range 120/80-139/89 mm Hg. Art., we are talking about predgipertonicheskom state. For the prevention and treatment of hypertension requires physical activity and proper food. Pulse rate. The normal range is 60-90 beats per minute. As a rule, the better physical shape, the less pulse. To find out how useful you exercise, count the pulse immediately after school sports, and then determine how much time it returns to normal in the resting state level. As soon as your physical condition improves, the time interval should be reduced. Triglyceride levels. Triglycerides – It's the fat molecules that are formed from ingested fats and carbohydrates. In the form of triglycerides, excess calories is transferred to storage in fat cells. In between eating fatty triglycerides also produced cells. Excess triglycerides increase the risk of coronary heart disease. Considered normal triglyceride levels below 1.7 mmol / l (150 mg%). Fasting triglyceride level is determined simultaneously with a blood test for cholesterol.