Time never ceases to flow, and in this course, inserted new events, situations, events that build on the past. This significant construction of the past not only incorporate events of various bygone, but also contemporaries, adhering to different learnings, knowledge and life experiences. With all this, we began a process of understanding and creation of meaning which involves the opening of numerous interpretations and resignificaciones. All these facts make us to transform our memory, involving the development of a new sense of the past in the light of subsequent events, using a speech that sorts the past so that it is legitimate to the current social order. The historical account of any collectivity, a people’s national identity is a construct based on memory, combining the individual element with the collective. But, in the extent to which act one or the other? What we remember, how remember, circumstances that elicit that memory, does depend on our collective membership by linking us, therefore, with other members? are there social memory as collective construction? The answer is Yes. Speaking of memories, social groups – in its diversity – build your own images in the world, establishing a version tacitly agreed in the past. Social memory is not immutable, but a process of constant negotiation and mediated between the individual and the / the group / s of membership.

And it can only be social if it is able to be transmitted. Memories are also a product of the mind and, as such, are signs, and signs not covered something pre-existing but makes it up and creates it. Memories do not exist until they are formulated by an actor, and are debtors of social, cultural and historical coordinates. (Meyerson, 1948). The social memory of the death of Franco and the beginning of the monarchy the call Transition – is made both images and words convencionalizadas and simplified, and some legitimizing narratives of the position of a certain social groups.