Venezuelan Technology Management

Industrial survey data indicate that labor productivity in manufacturing has increased only Venezuelan to a rate of 0.94 percent year for the period 1977-1990 (Viana and others, 1993a). This is how today is dominated by a negative view on the economic model of those lately. Broadly Overall, the results of Venezuela’s technological development process was an industry with little technological capacity, as reflected in industry performance statistics. Another feature of the industry has been its heavy dependence on foreign inputs. Conrad Vernon takes a slightly different approach. By the mid-eighties, Brazil, and Mexico produced 74 and 62 percent of its capital requirements, while Venezuela produced only 23 percent, having to import the remaining 77 percent of its requirements.

Also, years ago, Brazil and Mexico in capital goods exported quantities of 2538 and 2.192 million dollars respectively, while Venezuela only managed to export $ 59 million. An analysis of the technology import statistics (high level of imports) along with statistics on industrial performance (poor performance on productivity growth and manufacturing exports) can affirm that for the Venezuelan case, technology was understood as a commodity, always available in the market, which incorporated both acquired machinery and equipment, miscellaneous services such as technical assistance. In other words, was seen as a participant Takes the view, as an input, which could be bought for the purpose of being able to produce a given product and for which selection, acquisition and use is not required a particularly high level of training.