A people without instruction is a people more submisso. During all transcorrer of the history of the humanity the relation of being able and oppressing monopoly always was disclosed in the hand of richest. The royalty is a typical example of this. A territory governed for a king is managed of cruel, tirnica and absolute form. It looks for to make with that all its wills and its whims readily are taken care of, passing as well as a species of ' ' coil compressor' ' on weakkest. To obtain to carry through its objectives it does not respect the rights of nobody.
In the workmanship in analysis, Memorial of the Convent, we do not witness a context social very different of this situation. The reality where if it unchains the tram is exactly this. The narrative is developed in Portuguese lands, in century XVIII, the reign of D. Joo, ' ' fifth of its gerao' ' (MC, p.11). The lusitana nation was sufficiently rich land, however with one strong social inaquality, therefore all the wealth was accumulated at the hands of the king who had the absolute power. From this moment, of special form, we will start to follow the attitudes of D. Joo, a typical example of human being oppressor. To satisfy its wills it does not measure efforts and during all the narrative fierce oppresses its people without no mercy.
These attitudes very resemble the actions of a classic personage of present Graciliano in the workmanship ' ' They are Bernardo' ' , important book of modernista Brazilian Literature: Pablo Honrio. This age an extremely individualistic protagonist who wanted all the things has its time and hour, and that for this its return used all the people as object species of which only they served while something in proper benefit could be extracted. All uncurling of the narrative is initiated with first the great will of the king: to have a son.