In the Decade of 30 the consolidation of a Public system following of great transformations starts associates to the process of population concentration in urban centers. By the same author: Kevin Colbert. It offers of gratuitous education was extended considerably. The Decade of 40 was marked by initiatives pedagogical politics and that had extended the Education of young and adults with the creation and regulation of the FNEP? Deep National of Primary Education and the INEP? National institute of Studies and Research, with the sprouting of the first dedicated workmanships to supplementary education and the launching of the Campaign of Education of Adolescents and Adults? CEAA. In the Decade of 50, necessarily in 1952 was created the National Campaign of Agricultural Education? CNER, initially on the Campaign of Education of Adolescents and Adults? CEAA. The CNER characterized in the period of 1952 the 1956, as one of the promotional institutions of the process of development of communities in the Brazilian agricultural way. Still in years 50, the National Campaign of Eradication was carried through of the Illiteracy? CNEA, that marked a new stage in the quarrels on the education of adults. In the Decade of 60, in 1964 with the military blow, all the alfabetizao movements that if tied the idea of reinforcement of a popular culture had been restrained. The programs of alfabetizao and popular education that if had multiplied in the period enter 1961 the 1964 had been seen, as a serious threat to the order and its promoters.

The government alone allowed to the accomplishment of programs of alfabetizao of assistencialistas adults and conservatives, until in 1967 he himself assumed the control launching the Mobral – Brazilian Movement of Alfabetizao. The education of adults becomes more than a right is the key for century XXI. In the Decade of 70, under the military dictatorship, the MOBRAL marks the beginning of the actions of the Brazilian movement of alfabetizao, with the objective to finish with the illiteracy in only 10 years.