Yesenin – Sergei Aleksandrovich (1895-1925), Russian poet. From the early collections ('Radunitsa', 1916 'Country Book of Hours', 1918) was made as slim lyric, master of deep mentalizing landscape, the singer of peasant Russia, an expert on popular culture people's souls. In 1919-23 part of a group Imagists. The tragic attitude, mental confusion expressed in cycles 'Kobylya ships' (1920), 'Moscow Taverns' (1924), poem 'Black Man' (1925). In the poem 'The Ballad of the twenty-six' (1924) on Baku commissars, a collection of 'Soviet Russia' (1925), poem 'Anna Snegina' (1925) sought to comprehend Yesenin 'commune rearing Rus', although he continued to feel so 'Disappearing Russia', 'log huts gold'. Dramatic poem 'Pugachev' (1921). Childhood. Youth Born to a peasant family, the child lived in the home of his grandfather.
Among the first things Esenina spiritual verses, sung by wandering blind, and old wives' tales. With honors Four years of college Konstantinovskoe (1909), he continued his studies at Christ-Klepiki teaching school (1909-12), from which emerged 'a teacher of the school certificates. " The summer of 1912 Yesenin moved to Moscow, served briefly in the butcher shop, where clerk worked his father. After the conflict with her father retired from the bench, he worked in book publishing, then in the printing Sytin, during this period, he joined the revolutionary-minded workers and was under police surveillance. At the same while engaged in Yesenin the history of philosophy department of the University Shaniavskii (1913-15). The literary debut.
Success from childhood wrote poems (mostly in imitation of AV Koltsov, Nikitin, SD Drozhzhin) Yesenin finds like-minded 'Surikov literary-musical circle', of which he became in 1912. Printed beginning in 1914 in Moscow children's magazines (debut poem 'Birch'). The spring of 1915 Yesenin arrives in Petrograd, where acquainted with AA Blok, S. Gorodetsky, A. Remizov, NS Gumilev and others, moving closer to NA Klyuev, have had a significant impact. Their joint performances with poems and ditties, stylized 'peasant' 'Popular' style (Esenin was golden-haired stiff upper lip in public embroidered shirt and morocco boots), had great success.